The Bible preserves an extensive and well-developed musical vocabulary. Even though precise meanings are sometimes elusive, it is abundantly clear that singing, dancing and playing instruments figured prominently in Temple worship. Musicians, both male and female, were held in high regard.
Terracottas of female drum players and other figurines depicting musicians, both male and female, have been found in Judah and Israel, as well as Phoenicia and Cyprus. Hand-drums, in particular, were associated with women, both among the figures and in the biblical record, indicating that women customarily played this instrument. Female drummers not only provided rhythms for singing and dancing at family and community celebrations, but, as Psalm 68 makes evident, their music was also incorporated into the ceremonies of the Temple.
"Your processions are seen, O God, the processions of my God, my King, into the sanctuary -singers in front, musicians behind, between them young women playing hand-drums." -Psalm 68:25-26 (Eng. Trans. 68:24-25).
(Text: Semitic Museum).