The Dacian fortress of Căpâlna, Orašţie Mountains, Romania, built in the second half of the 1st century BC.

The Dacian fortress of Căpâlna, said to be the residence of a Dacian chieftain, is situated on the top of a steep hill, and was built as a military defense, which guarded the entrance to from the Sebeș Valley to the capital of the Dacian kingdom, Sarmizegetusa Regia.

This site has produced a wealth of archaeological finds, such as the golden necklace and gold earrings discovered in 2002-2003. Other finds have included iron and bronze tools, silver and bronze jewellry, Roman coins, and ceramics.

Information on the historical context of the site in relation to the Roman relations, via UNESCO:

In the spring of 101 the Roman Emperor Trajan, having secured his Rhine frontier, took the offensive against the Dacians. Decebalus unified the Dacian kingdoms and concentrated his forces in the Orašţie Mountains, where he submitted to Trajan. An uneasy distribution of territory ensued, broken in 105 when Decebalus seized the Roman governor Longinus. This time he could not hold the Dacians together against the powerful Roman army. His capital and his fortresses were overwhelmed and Decebalus himself committed suicide to avoid capture. This campaign is graphically depicted in the reliefs running round Trajan’s Column in Rome.

Dacia became a Roman Imperial province, and its fortresses were slighted. New Roman towns were created, but none of them on the site of the Dacian settlements, with the exception of Sarmizegetusa, which was given the resounding Roman name Colonia Ulpia Traiana Augusta Dacica Sarmizegetusa. Dacia was to remain part of the Roman Empire until 274, when the Emperor Aurelian abandoned it in the face of irresistible pressure from the Goths.

Photos courtesy & taken by România de vis.

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