The ancient synagogue of Kfar Bar’am, Northern Israel, 3 kilometers from the Lebanese border, dates to about the 2nd- 3rd century C.E. Bar’am was an ancient Jewish village, and was later abandoned between the 7th and 13th centuries.

A Hebrew inscription on the synagogue reads: “Peace be upon the place, and on all the places of Israel.”

The synagogue’s main facade (the Jerusalem-oriented wall) is still preserved to its original two-story height (not reconstructed). This building has the characteristic features of the Galilean type described for Capernaum and Chorazin. It also had a porch supported by columns in front of the main facade. A large, semicircular window that is still persevered above the central doorway in the main facade lets light into the interior.

The lintel of the main doorway was carved in relief with two winged females holding a wreath between them. In a later period the female figures were carefully chipped away, leaving only the wreath intact.These figures depicted Nikae (Victories) -Nike was the Greco-Roman goddess of victory (wreaths were awarded to victors). Eventually this motif was absorbed into early Christian art, which transformed Victories into angles.

Reference: The Archaeology of the Holy Land: From the Destruction of Solomon’s Temple to the Muslim ConquestJodi Magness.

Photos courtesy & taken by vad_levin.

  1. thegingerbadger reblogged this from ancientart
  2. nestpasunepipe reblogged this from caravaggista
  3. milbullrdr reblogged this from ancientart
  4. atlas--twerked reblogged this from caravaggista
  5. mercedes-deacosta reblogged this from ancientart
  6. pertainingtothefact reblogged this from revenge-of-the-rose
  7. alexeidinoia reblogged this from thecrankyprofessor
  8. medusacascades reblogged this from plavapticica
  9. thymeladykatl reblogged this from plavapticica
  10. plavapticica reblogged this from ladykrampus
  11. archaeologist-and-black-assassin reblogged this from ancientart
  12. thatgirlcesca reblogged this from ancientart
  13. xxpl0re reblogged this from ancientart
  14. saandrae reblogged this from ancientart
  15. artisawaynotathing reblogged this from ancientart
  16. clodia-metelli reblogged this from ancientart
  17. gracefree reblogged this from ancientart
  18. officialanncoulter reblogged this from andyetilienot
  19. bunnyreflections reblogged this from caravaggista
  20. andyetilienot reblogged this from flamingmuse
  21. iwanderedinadesertplace reblogged this from ancientart
  22. catyuy reblogged this from flamingmuse
  23. rifflehistory reblogged this from ancientart
  24. vannie429 reblogged this from ancientart
  25. steppen reblogged this from ancientart
  26. flamingmuse reblogged this from ancientart
  27. ladykrampus reblogged this from ancientart
  28. adios-jay-z-r-us reblogged this from ancientart
  29. aniki02 reblogged this from genbass
  30. notastupidape reblogged this from ancientart