"They take first a crooked piece of iron, and with it draw out the brain through the nostrils, thus getting rid of a portion, while the skull is cleared of the rest by rinsing with drugs; next they make a cut along the flank with a sharp Ethiopian stone, and take out the whole contents of the abdomen, which they then cleanse, washing it thoroughly with palm wine, and again frequently with an infusion of pounded aromatics…" -Greek historian Herodotus describes the process of mummification in Egypt (trans. Rawlinson).

Shown here is an extraordinarily well preserved Egyptian mummy at the Louvre. This man lived during the Ptolemaic Period, and his name can be read as either Nenu or Pachery. The body has been sophisticatedly wrapped in strips of linen, and the mummy is covered with a cartonnage. Included here is a mask, an apron across the legs, and a collar over the chest.

Rigault Patricia from the Louvre provides the below description. This is only a section of the full write-up, you can read the rest here if you wish.

A body preserved for eternity

Not everyone in ancient Egypt had access to the funerary practices that ensured eternal life, and many people had to settle for a simple pit in the desert and a few modest offerings. For the more fortunate, preserving body provided an additional guarantee of survival in the afterlife. It offered a new support for the various elements of the living being that were dispersed at the time of death. Although the earliest mummies were little more than bodies wrapped in linen strips dipped in resin, more sophisticated methods soon developed; mummification procedures were highly perfected by the New Kingdom.

Although the number of mummies increased from this period on, the quality of the work tended to decrease. Nevertheless, mummies from the Greco-Roman period are often remarkable for the highly subtle designs formed by the interwoven linen strips. Depending on the period, a mummy could be covered a clothing, a net of beads, a mask, or a decorated wooden plank or cartonnage. During the Ptolemaic Period, various cartonnage elements were arranged on the mummy before it was placed in the coffin. 

Courtesy of & currently at the Louvre, France, N 2627. Photos by: Massimo Palmieri (1), Yann Caradec (2 & 3, cropped), and Oleg Ы (4).

  1. mrjohn1961schumanprojectsblog reblogged this from ancientart
  2. scopjcopegyptian reblogged this from ancientart
  3. athena-glaukopis reblogged this from theancientworld
  4. joedanzalone reblogged this from theancientworld
  5. cirochicharrone reblogged this from dieselpunkflimflam
  6. relinsander reblogged this from dieselpunkflimflam
  7. dieselpunkflimflam reblogged this from peashooter85 and added:
    The shoddier the mummification, the easier they are to wake up.
  8. krack-kitty reblogged this from official-sokka
  9. oderahope reblogged this from official-sokka
  10. kiba-kito reblogged this from official-sokka
  11. chickenscratch93 reblogged this from official-sokka
  12. official-sokka reblogged this from laufeylokis
  13. fanofmutant reblogged this from ancientart
  14. tyirsb14 reblogged this from ancientart
  15. newbrawler reblogged this from hotdaddyvanhelsing
  16. thefaultisinourlapse reblogged this from last-of-the-romans
  17. snowlands reblogged this from ancientart
  18. em-pa-na-das reblogged this from archaeochick
  19. invisibleconfety reblogged this from theancientworld
  20. ilikeyouletsbefriends reblogged this from clanfactanonverba
  21. clanfactanonverba reblogged this from hotdaddyvanhelsing
  22. creepyladypunkstar reblogged this from hellbunnie333
  23. hellbunnie333 reblogged this from childofeos